Turkey has high solar energy potential due to its geographical location.
According to the Solar Energy Map (SEM) of Turkey prepared by the Renewable Energy General Directorate, it has been determined that the total annual insolation time is 2,741 hours (a total of 7,5 hours per day), and the total solar energy derived per year is 1,527 kWh/m2 per year (total 4,18 kWh/m2 per day). While solar energy technologies are extremely varied in terms of their methods, materials and technological levels, they can be split into two principal groups:
Solar Cells:Semi-conducting materials, which are also known as photovoltaic solar energy systems, convert the sunlight directly into electricity.
Photo-emissive Solar Technologies and Concentrated Solar Power (CSP):In this system heat is obtained from solar energy, and can be used either directly or in the generation of electricity.
The total established solar collector area within our country as of 2017 was calculated as being close to 20,000,000 m2. Also, in 2017, close to 823,000 TEP Tonnes Equivalent to Petrol) heat energy was produced using solar collectors.
As of the end of June 2018, the total installed capacity of the PV solar power plant is 4,723 MW, with 4,703 MW unlicensed and 23 MW licensed.