Biomass can be defined as the total mass of living organisms that belong to a society consists of species or consist of several species. Biomass is also defined as an organic carbon.

The main biomass resources are listed below.

1.Herbal Biomass Recources
  • Oil-bearing crops (canola, sunflower, soybean, etc.)
  • Sugar and starch crops (potatoes, wheat, corn, sugar beets, etc.)
  • Staple crops (flax, kenaf, hemp, sorghum, miscanthus, etc.)
  • Protein crops (peas, beans, etc.)
  • Herbal and agricultural residues (branches, stalk, straw, root, bark, etc.)
2. Forest and Forestry Product Biomass Recources
  • Wood and forestry waste(energy forest, energy crops, various trees)

3. Animal Biomass Recources
  • Cattle, horses, sheep, chickens waste, slaughter house waste and animal wastes that arise during the processing of products

4. Organic wastes, biomass resources obtained from urban and industrial wastes
  • Sewage sludge, paper industry and food industry wastes, industrial and domestic waste water, municipal waste and large industrial facilities waste
It is estimated that the biomass potential in Turkey is about 8,6 million tonnes of equivalent petrol (MTEP), and biogas quantities that can be produced from biomass is 1,5-2 MTEP.

As of the end of June 2018, a total installed capacity of biomass was 695 MW and electricity of 1,610 GWh was generated from biomass power plants.

Biomass Conversion Technologies
Security of Supply Strategy Document (In Turkish)
The Environmental and Social Impact of Bioethanol (In Turkish)
The Fuel Qualities of Bioethanol (In Turkish)
Biogas Production Flow Chart (In Turkish)
The Microbiology of Biogas Production (In Turkish)
The Benefits of Biogas Production (In Turkish)
The Areas of Use of Biogas and Biogas Production By-Products (In Turkish)
The Average Fertiliser and Biogas Amounts which can be obtained from Animal Sources (In Turkish)
The Biomass Energy Map of Turkey (In Turkish)